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Programs and services

DHS works to ensure that mental health programs and services are available throughout Minnesota. With the exception of Direct Care and Treatment and some state staff working with special county initiatives, the state does not provide direct mental health services. DHS does provide state and federal funding for mental health treatment. In Minnesota, counties and tribes are responsible for providing publicly funded mental health services with federal, state and county funding. In many parts of the state, counties and tribes contract with providers to deliver mental health services.

This information is intended to help people understand the range of mental health services that may be available for different types and severities of illness.

  • Emergency services

    Service is available on a 24-hour, seven-day-a-week basis for people having a psychiatric crisis, a mental health crisis, or emergency. A directory of mental health crisis phone numbers in Minnesota lists all crisis providers by county. The National Suicide Prevention Lifeline is a toll-free number: 800-273-TALK (8255).

  • Acute care hospital inpatient treatment

    Short-term medical, nursing and psychosocial services are provided in an acute care hospital. The Minnesota Department of Health’s website has a database of Minnesota's licensed, registered or certified health care providers and hospitals, by county.

  • Adult rehabilitative mental health services

    Adult rehabilitative mental health services (ARMHS) are designed to bring recovery-oriented interventions directly to people living in their own homes or elsewhere in the community. The goal is to help individuals acquire, practice and enhance skills that have been lost or diminished due to symptoms of mental illness.

    ARMHS has five components:

    • Basic living and social skills
    • Certified peer specialist services
    • Community intervention
    • Medication education
    • Transition to community living
  • Assertive community treatment

    Assertive community treatment (ACT) is an intensive, comprehensive, non-residential rehabilitative mental health service team model. Services are consistent with adult rehabilitative mental health services, except that ACT services are:

    • Directed to individuals with a serious mental illness who require intensive services
    • Offered on a time-unlimited basis and available 24 hours per day, 7 days per week, 365 days per year
    • Provided by multidisciplinary, qualified staff who have the capacity to provide most mental health services necessary to meet the person's needs, using a total team approach
  • Certified peer specialist

    Certified peer specialist (CPS) services are rehabilitative services provided by a current or former consumer of mental health services. The specialists are trained and certified by DHS. CPS Services emphasize developing and enhancing skills that a person with mental illness needs to move forward in their recovery.

    The services are self-directed, person-centered and characterized by a partnering approach between the CPS and the person served.

  • Crisis response and stabilization services

    Crisis stabilization is a service that follows crisis assessment and intervention services. It is provided in a short-term, supervised and licensed residential program. A program of this type is usually licensed as a Rule 36 facility.

  • Day treatment

    Adult day treatment is an intensive psychotherapeutic treatment provided with the goal of reducing or relieving the effects of mental illness and providing training to help the person live in the community.

  • Dialectical behavior therapy – Intensive outpatient treatment

    Dialectical behavior therapy (DBT) is a treatment approach provided in an intensive outpatient treatment program that uses a combination of individualized rehabilitative and psychotherapeutic interventions. A DBT intensive outpatient program involves individual therapy, group skills training, telephone coaching and consultation team meetings.

  • Education and prevention services

    Minnesota counties provide information on predictors and symptoms of mental disorders, where mental health services are available and how to access the services. Contact your local county agency or tribe (PDF) for more information about education and prevention services.

  • Intensive Residential Treatment Services (IRTS)

    Intensive Residential Treatment Services (IRTS) are a time-limited service provided in a residential setting to people who need a more restrictive setting. This includes people at risk of significant functional deterioration if they do not receive the service. This service is designed to develop and enhance psychiatric stability, personal and emotional adjustment, self-sufficiency and skills to live in a more independent setting.

  • Mental Health – Targeted Case Management (MH-TCM)

    Targeted Case Management for Adults is a service that helps adults with serious and persistent mental illness get needed medical, social, educational, vocational and other necessary services related to the person's mental health needs. Contact your local county agency or tribe (PDF) for more information about case management services.

  • Outpatient services

    Services provided on an outpatient basis can include: individual, group and family therapy; individual treatment planning; diagnostic assessments; medication management; and psychological testing. DHS licenses Rule 29 Mental Health Centers and Clinics.

    Go to DHS Licensing Lookup. Under License Type, select Mental Health Center/Clinic.

  • Partial hospitalization program

    Partial hospitalization is a time-limited, structured program of psychotherapy and other therapeutic services as defined by Medicare. Services may be provided in an outpatient hospital facility or Community Mental Health Center that meets Medicare requirements to provide partial hospitalization services. The goal of this program is to resolve or stabilize an acute episode of mental illness.

    Partial hospitalization consists of multiple and intensive therapeutic services provided by a multidisciplinary staff to treat a person's mental illness. Examples of services include: individual, group and family psychotherapy services; individualized activity therapies; and patient training and education. People are admitted to a partial hospitalization program based on a physician referral.


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