People who have lost their jobs may face significant emotional, psychological, financial and physical challenges. It is an unpleasant and difficult predicament, a trap door to anger and resentment, outrage and depression.
To add to the injury, the jobless invariably face a bevy of insensitive assessments ("These things happen for a reason.") to time-worn cliches such as "I'm sure something better will come along."
Job loss can impact nearly every aspect of a person's life, from spending habits to self-esteem. Job loss can make people stronger, meeker, energized or demoralized. It can turn job seekers into small-business owners or consultants. It can spark ambition or extinguish it. And how anyone will handle a job loss cannot be always predicted. Most people will need some time to bounce back.
There's no doubt, regardless of whether you loved or hated your job, you will feel its loss. Lynn Joseph, the author of "The Job-Loss Recovery Guide" and manager of www.joblossrecovery.com, sees the following as constants following job loss: shock and denial, fear and anxiety, anger, bargaining, depression, acceptance and closure.
Joseph suggests a four-part process for coping with job loss.
You will need to get your financial house in order. Minnesotans who have lost their job through no fault of their own can find out how to apply for unemployment benefits by logging onto www.uimn.org.
If possible, try to get health coverage through your spouse's employer or parents. If that is not an option, sign up for COBRA (the Consolidated Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act), which allows you to pay group rates for health insurance for a limited time.
Be prepared for added expenses because you will be paying the full cost of the insurance without any funding from your former employer if your COBRA ends or if you do not have the option for COBRA coverage.
Use your money carefully. You have no idea how long you will remain unemployed. The key is to budget your money. What do you need to live? How much do your mortgage, rent, food, entertainment and transportation cost? What can you live without?
The reality of your situation may force some hard choices about getting rid of certain expenses such as top tier cable television, dining out, going to movies or attending concerts and plays.
A strategy going forward is to cut extraneous costs early on, just in case unemployment lasts longer than you assumed. The Web has excellent budgeting tools available for free or for relatively affordable subscriptions. Kiplinger's Magazine suggests the best are the following: Mint.com, Geezeo.com, BudgetTracker.com, BudgetPulse.com and Buxfer.com.
Unemployment can create health issues. Kate Strully, a scholar at the Harvard School of Public Health who conducted job loss research for the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, says the odds of reporting poor to fair health increased 54 percent among people who lost jobs through no fault of their own. The odds of a new health condition increased by 83 percent among people who reported no pre-existing conditions prior to unemployment.
How can you avoid that? Build in an exercise regimen. Of all the expenses you may have, try to keep the health club membership. Or, use local recreation centers and the great outdoors to keep your body in shape.
The tendency of job seekers is to surf the Web for any potential jobs, make networking calls, attend networking meetings and then find time to get in some exercise.
Experts suggest setting that exercise time into your schedule early since it will help you deal with the stress and disillusionment of unemployment while preparing your mind and body for the rigors of job hunting.